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Meet our team and learn about low back treatments.
The low back consists of the lowest five vertebra (lumbar spine) and a triangular complex of bone called the sacrum. Each of these lumbar vertebral segments are connected by intervertebral discs and two small joints behind them called the facet joints. They are additionally joined by an extensive network of ligaments that provide stability as well as flexibility. Finally, the outer spinal musculature plays a key role in dynamically controlling the spine.
Low back pain is a very common disorder, and may involve the muscles, bones, and the nerves of the low back. Back strain is by far the leading cause of low back pain, which is typically caused by heavy lifting or incorrect lifting technique, a sudden impact to the area, repetitive motion, poor posture, or weak muscles. Other causes of back strain include degenerative changes of the spine (spondylosis), disc herniations, spondylolisthesis, spinal stenosis, and sacroiliac joint dysfunction. Not uncommonly, some individuals with hip problems will experience low back pain as these two areas are adjacent to each other and can have related issues. Other non-spine related causes of low back pain include kidney stones, infection, stomach ulcers, abdominal aortic aneurysms, and cancer.
In the event that you are experiencing low back pain – even if your pain levels are what you consider to be minimal – the best thing to do is schedule an examination with Mid-America Orthopedics. We specialize in back pain diagnosis and can usually identify the root cause of the issue fairly quickly. Our evaluation for low back pain generally consists of getting a detailed history, conducting a physical examination, taking X-rays, and in some cases, performing an MRI. Once you’ve been properly evaluated we can put you on an effective treatment plan.
Treatment for low back pain can generally be divided into pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments, nonsurgical interventional treatments, and surgical treatments. Nonpharmacologic treatments include rest, ice/heat therapy, electrical stimulation, physical therapy, spinal manipulation, and massage. Pharmacologic treatments include acetaminophen, NSAIDs, muscle relaxants, antidepressants, anticonvulsants, and topical medications. Nonsurgical interventions include various spine and musculoskeletal injections. Many of these involve the injection of glucocorticoids, which are powerful anti-inflammatory agents. Surgical intervention may be considered if conservative care has failed and there is definitive evidence of a mechanical disorder that can be corrected by surgery.
If you are experiencing low back pain, you can rest assured you’ll be in good hands with the team at Mid-America Orthopedics Kansas City. Our orthopedic doctors have decades of combined experience. We will not only help with your back pain diagnosis, but also put you on a speedy path to recovery.
Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Spine Care
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